In 1785 the populations of the 3 encomienda villages of Tacarigua, Caura and Arouca were relocated to Arima. Ethnically they were probably partly Nepuyo and partly other Indians. The village was laid out in the traditional manner around a large square with the Church of Santa Rosa on the eastern side and Indian houses on the others. As an experiment some Spanish families were located in the village.
The Santa Rosa Carib Community is the descendants of the surviving populations of Nepuyo encomienda villages that were amalgamated to form the Missions of Santa Rosa de Arima which is today the town of Arima. The Nepuyo were one of the groups known;-
- To have had permanent settlements in Trinidad in the pre-Columbian era, the others were the Arauca, Shebaio, Yaio and Carini.
- All either of the Arawakan of Caribbean linguistic groupings.
The Amerindians had their own religious beliefs and practice their religion according to their traditional beliefs. With the arrival of the Capuchin Friars, their Mission was to convert the Amerindians to Christianity through the Catholic Faith.
It is said that the Capuchins had a difficult time in their efforts to convert the Amerindians. However our oral tradition tell us that it is only after a mystical experience by three male members of our people that the Amerindians was more open to accept the new religion.