Caribbean Region: access, quality, and efficiency in - download pdf or read online
By World Bank Group
Booklet through global financial institution workforce
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Additional info for Caribbean Region: access, quality, and efficiency in education
In Guyana, Belize, OECS countries, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic, learning is hampered by the large proportion of teachers who are untrained or inadequately trained, and the paucity of teaching materials, particularly textbooks. In contrast, in Jamaica, Trinidad, and Barbados, the majority of teachers are trained and Page xxi access to books is reasonably good. Region-wide, low morale and high teacher attrition rates are common, rooted in often non-competitive salaries, limited career development potential, and poor working conditions.
Primary schooling is nearly universal, enrollment ratios for preschool and secondary education generally are above the average for middle income countries and overall literacy rates are high. The substantial progress to date notwithstanding, human resource development merits continued high priority throughout the Caribbean Region for several reasons. First, the economic future of the Region is uncertain. While rapid changes in the international economy are expected to restrict expansion of traditional economic activities, new economic development opportunities are anticipated.
Ample evidence exists within the Caribbean, as elsewhere, that fertility, infant mortality, and nutritional status are closely linked to levels of educational attainment, particularly of females. Further, throughout the Caribbean, the alienation of many youth is a serious social problem, exemplified by prevalent drug abuse, crime, and teenage pregnancy. Increasing educational opportunities for youth is expected to help ameliorate these problems as well as foster more positive self-images. In the Caribbean context, strengthening educational systems also is expected to be key to developing a greater sense of self-reliance, and commitment to nation-building and regional integration.
Caribbean Region: access, quality, and efficiency in education by World Bank Group