Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and - download pdf or read online
By Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Stephen B. Brush, Ardeshir B. Damania, Patrick E. McGuire, Calvin O. Qualset
The advent of plant and animal agriculture represents probably the most vital milestones in human evolution. It contributed to the improvement of towns, alphabets, new applied sciences, and eventually to civilizations, however it has additionally offered a probability to either human healthiness and the surroundings. Bringing jointly examine from a number of fields together with anthropology, archaeology, ecology, economics, entomology, ethnobiology, genetics and geography, this booklet addresses key questions in terms of agriculture. Why did agriculture improve and the place did it originate? What are the styles of domestication for vegetation and animals? How did agroecosystems originate and unfold from their destinations of foundation? Exploring the cultural facets of the advance of agricultural ecosystems, the booklet additionally highlights how those subject matters will be utilized to our knowing of latest agriculture, its long term sustainability, the co-existence of agriculture and the surroundings, and the improvement of recent plants and forms.
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Additional resources for Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and Sustainability
For example, most centers of domestication include a combination of protein (legume) and starch (cereal or root) staple crops, which provides more balanced nutrition. Compared with hunting and gathering, agriculture was a more effective way – on a per unit land base – of obtaining food. All other things being equal, one would then expect agricultural societies to take over the world, as indeed they did. The Domestication of Plants and Animals: Ten Unanswered Questions 5 As agriculture expanded, its ecological footprint became larger as well.
20 Robert Bettinger size change in California, for example, may only be telling us that Californian species are less prone to size increase, and thus less attractive as domesticates. Indeed, this might well explain why agriculture developed in the Levant and not California, the Levant having so many more species susceptible to domestication, an idea that Jared Diamond (Chapter 1) has already pursued on a global scale to explain the differential distribution of agricultural origins. Peter Bellwood’s discussion of agricultural expansion (Chapter 7) is closely related here, the spread of farming clearly hinging on the crops being farmed, just three of which (wheat, rice, and maize) have demonstrated selective superiority by spreading on a global scale.
Journal of Ethnobiology 8: 81–129. Koenig R and P Gepts. 1989. Allozyme diversity in wild Phaseolus vulgaris: further evidence for two major centers of diversity. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 78: 809–17. Kwak M and P Gepts. 2009. , Fabaceae). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 118: 979–92. Kwak M, JA Kami, and P Gepts. 2009. The putative Mesoamerican domestication center of Phaseolus vulgaris is located in the Lerma-Santiago basin of Mexico. Crop Science 49: 554–63. 8 Paul Gepts, Robert Bettinger, Stephen Brush et al.
Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and Sustainability by Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Stephen B. Brush, Ardeshir B. Damania, Patrick E. McGuire, Calvin O. Qualset