Download e-book for iPad: AV-8B Harrier II Units of Operation Iraqi Freedom I-VI by Lon Nordeen, Jim Laurier
By Lon Nordeen, Jim Laurier
The Harrier II jet observed clash in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm (Gulf War), Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) and Iraqi Freedom (Iraq War). The airplane has matured right into a multi-role platform in the course of the addition of an evening imaginative and prescient procedure, radar, an exterior concentrating on pod and new laser-guided guns.
In the Seventies the USMC acquired the AV-8A Harrier from the united kingdom to check V/STOL techniques for shut air aid. A winning investment conflict was once thus fought within the Eighties to safe army, political and monetary help to extend this idea to enhance and box the second one new release AV-8B Harrier II from the past due Eighties onward. The AV-8B used to be, and nonetheless is, the one tactical plane which could set up with Marine forces on amphibious attack ships and supply air disguise and shut air help become independent from huge deck plane vendors. Having noticeable motion in-theatre in the course of Operation barren region hurricane in 1991, the Harrier II was once seriously eager about motion once more over Iraq from March 2003 as a part of Operation Iraqi Freedom I/II. within the preliminary clash, a few seventy six AV-8s have been deployed - delivering greater than forty in step with cent of the third Marine Air Wing's fixed-wing offensive firepower. round 60 of those airplane have been sea-based aboard 4 'Harrier carriers', whereas devices flew from Ahmed al Jaber, in Kuwait. not like in 1991, while the Harrier II devices hired unguided guns - dumb bombs, cluster bombs and napalm - in 2003 seventy nine in keeping with cent of the ordnance dropped was once precision-guided. This was once basically as a result of the AV-8B's upgrading into evening assault or radar-equipped configuration, and advent of the Litening concentrating on pod. Following the career of Iraq via Coalition troops, the Harrier IIs remained in-theatre helping anti-insurgent operations via to 2008 as a part of OIF II. Flying from Al Asad, or 'Harrier companies' within the Northern Arabian Gulf, those devices observed huge motion in southern and western Iraq. This ebook is the second one of 3 volumes on USMC Harrier IIs in wrestle, and it'll be the 1st quantity in print to hide the full tale of the AV-8B's carrier employment in Iraq.
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Extra info for AV-8B Harrier II Units of Operation Iraqi Freedom I-VI
In OIF, positively identifying the target and ensuring that its destruction did not contravene the collateral damage estimate stipulated by the theatre commander were of critical importance. Numerous potential targets were ruled out because one or both criteria could not be met – especially with the 10,000 ft hard deck restriction mandated by 3rd MAW – despite troops on the ground requesting their destruction. Such rigid ROE was a constant source of frustration to us. ‘On one occasion near a mosque in Baghdad, Marines were taking sniper fire, and I had a section of VMA-211 jets overhead.
The aim of Southern Force was to put a massive number of jets into the air every day over Iraqi positions in the No-Fly Zone so that the enemy would not know when OIF had properly started. VMA-542 remained committed to this operation for about two weeks in total. com OIF I – VMA-542, VMA-223 AND VMA-231 Two aircraft from VMA-542 taxi out on an OSW mission at Ahmed Al Jaber on 5 March 2003, the jets having been flown ashore from Bataan so that their pilots could be fully briefed on the specifics of the flight.
VMA-542 pilot Capt Jennifer Dolan spoke about her unit’s efforts in OIF I shortly after the conflict had come to an end; ‘The “Tigers” flew from “Harrier Carriers” throughout the campaign, operating in the “bomb truck” role. The pilots ranged far north into Iraq, refuelled going and coming, either in the air or at the An Numaniyah FARP, and dropped their ordnance in between. These were long missions that could last up to five hours. They flew CAS for Marines and Coalition troops, but more frequently they were vectored to an open kill box, where they found a target and attacked it.
AV-8B Harrier II Units of Operation Iraqi Freedom I-VI by Lon Nordeen, Jim Laurier