Download e-book for iPad: Augmenting Cognition by Idan Segev, Henry Markram
By Idan Segev, Henry Markram
The Human mind is barely 100,000 years previous. but, this newly developed organ endows us with precise inventive features past all different dwelling creatures, together with the present to appreciate itself. As our very survival and good fortune in existence is determined by using our brain’s energy, extreme efforts have all started around the globe to appreciate the mind, reverse-engineer it or even increase its potential. in the direction of this finish we harness each trick within the ebook of arithmetic, physics, chemistry, pharmacology, biology, psychology, in addition to machine technology, details sciences, and engineering – giving upward thrust to the delivery to the hot AugCog Era.
The new AugCog learn box specializes in the advance of scientifically-based rigorous techniques, together with brain-computer interfaces and using a variety of medicinal drugs, for restoring and augmenting cognition. the sphere comprises the research of the connection among simple operational states of the mind, reminiscent of sleep, or day-by-day actions resembling dance and their effect on augmenting cognitive capabilities.
This ebook confronts our access into the AugCog Era via a chain of contributions from the world’s top comprehend specialists. The booklet is split into sections, the 1st of which discusses cutting-edge methodologies; and the final offer a few point of view at the social and moral concerns. those elements are separated by means of an interlude in cognition, the place a desirable tale of the savant syndrome is told.
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14 Views on mechanisms According to our current view, passive stimulation drives synaptic plasticity processes in the cortical areas representing the stimulated sites. The observed expansion of the cortical maps can be regarded as a recruitment of processing resources. The effectiveness of passive stimulation appears to result from the fact that the impact of sensory stimulation must be sufficient to drive the neural system past the point of a learning threshold . , a large number of sensory stimuli).
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However, the repetitive exposure improved the performance, specifically for the direction of the exposed motion when tested in a subsequent suprathreshold test . On the other hand, there exist reports according to which a prolonged “passive” stimulation was insufficient for driving plastic changes. In studies of auditory learning, the pairing of sensory stimulation with its electrical counterpart of the Nucleus basalis has been shown to result in rapid and selective reorganization of cortical maps .
Augmenting Cognition by Idan Segev, Henry Markram