Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma by Susan Nance PDF
By Susan Nance
The concept that of 'modernity' is valuable to many disciplines, yet what's modernity to animals? Susan Nance solutions this query via a thorough reinterpretation of the lifetime of Jumbo the elephant. within the Eighties, shoppers, the media, zoos, circuses and taxidermists, and (unknowingly) Jumbo himself, reworked the elephant from an orphan of the worldwide ivory alternate and zoo captive right into a distracting foreign megastar. voters on continents imaged Jumbo as a sentient person and puppy, yet have been aghast whilst he died in an business coincidence and his is still have been absorbed by way of the taxidermic and animal rendering industries reserved for nameless animals. The case of Jumbo uncovered the 'human difficulty' of contemporary dwelling, in which humans celebrated person animals to manage or distract themselves from the wholesale slaughter of animals required via sleek consumerism.
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Additional info for Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma
Barnum, February 22, 1882 quoted in Barnum, Life of P. T. Barnum, 331; see, for instance, various letter reprinted in “Jumbo and His Friends,” Daily Telegraph (London), February 23, 2015. See also, “The Cry of the Children,” Punch, or the London Charivari 82 (March 4, 1882): 98. 0006 38 Animal Modernity 79 “Jumbo and His Friends,” Daily Telegraph (London), February 23, 1882. 80 Editorial, The Spectatorr (London), February 25, 1882. 81 There are many, many examples, but see “Jumbo’s Jeremiad,” Judy: The London Serio-Comicc 30 (1882), 100; “Jumbo’s Voyage across the Atlantic,” Judy’s Comical Penn’orth 12 (March 27, 1882), 1; “Jumbo’s Lament,” Punch, or the London Charivari 82 (March 18, 1882), 125; “Jumbo’s Journal,” Punch, or the London Charivari 82 (March 4, 1882): 97.
P. T. Barnum, himself, had become a celebrity in part by promoting audience interest in his business ventures, including notable entertainers like Tom Thumb and singer Jenny Lind. 10 Still, for North Americans, why pay any heed to this particular elephant? In London it had been his almost two decades of patient demeanor and hands-on contact with a broad public, especially children, that made him unique; in North America it was Jumbo’s size and life history that distinguished him. There was only a nascent network of zoos on the continent while the circuses tended to carry Asian elephants, which were smaller than Jumbo.
For centuries gifts of wild or exotic animals have functioned “as tokens of political submission” when surrendered to a more powerful empire or nation, Harriet Ritvo tells us. Ritvo, Animal Estate, 206. Certainly British, French, German and other European zoos were stocked with creatures drawn from those nations’ imperial possessions and intended to educate the public on how they and their civilization were benefiting from imperial activity. , Cultural History of Animals in the Age of Empire, 96–97.
Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma by Susan Nance