Download e-book for iPad: American Forests: A History of Resiliency and Recovery by Douglas W. McCleery
By Douglas W. McCleery
MacCleery recounts how settlers got rid of a lot of the yank woodland for agriculture and trade in the course of the nineteenth century. firstly of the twentieth century, although, demographic alterations and an rising conservation flow helped decrease wildfire and inspire reforestation. this present day there's extra forestland within the U.S. than there has been seventy five years in the past.
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Additional resources for American Forests: A History of Resiliency and Recovery
The fires prompted Congress in 1911 to pass the Weeks Act, which authorized federal matching funds for state fire-control agencies. The Clarke-McNary Act in 1924 augmented cooperative federal and state fire suppression efforts as well as existing funding under the 1911 Weeks Act. This fire control system covered federal, state, and private lands in a cooperative effort. By the end of the 1930s these programs began to show results. However, it took three decades before wildfires were reduced to present levels.
Consequently, the per capita consumption of fuelwood for all purposes remained at more than four cords per year until the late 1800s. Because the population expanded more than fourteen times between 1800 and 1900, and per capita consumption of fuelwood remained constant, there was increasing pressure on many forest areas. This led to forest depletion in some areas and local shortages. A traveler reported that on the 240-mile journey between New York and Boston in the early 1800s he passed through less than 20 miles of woodland, scattered in four or five dozen separate parcels.
While some agricultural lands continue to revert back to forests, that is being offset by forest loss due to urbanization. THE EASTERN FOREST COMES BACK Although the United States has about the same aggregate area of forest as it did in 1920, some areas have considerably more and some have less. Beginning in the mid-1800s, marginal agricultural land in the East and South was gradually abandoned as more productive farmlands in the Midwest were developed, the abandoned farmland often reverting to forest (see Figure 13).
American Forests: A History of Resiliency and Recovery by Douglas W. McCleery