Download e-book for kindle: Agricultural Conservation: Converting Grassland to Cropland by United States Government Accountability Office
By United States Government Accountability Office
The nation's closing grassland has numerous vital advantages, resembling offering land for grazing and flora and fauna habitat for lots of at-risk species. even though, over the last three centuries approximately 1/2 the grassland has been switched over to different makes use of, largely cropland. as well as wasting very important grassland values, such conversions may end up in elevated spending on federal farm courses, akin to crop coverage, specially in marginal components. This publication examines: the level of grassland conversions to cropland and the price of farm software funds for those newly switched over cropland acres; the relative value of farm application funds as opposed to different elements in manufacturers' judgements to transform grassland to cropland; and, any effect the Sodbuster conservation provision - which locations soil erosion criteria on yes switched over land - has had on proscribing grassland conversions. This publication is an excerpted and edited version.
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Additional info for Agricultural Conservation: Converting Grassland to Cropland
From 1998 to 2004, crop disaster assistance payments in the 16 highest conversion counties totaled more than $195 million (40 percent of the state total), compared with approximately $292 million for the other 50 South Dakota counties, including about $16 million in 7 historically cropped counties in southeast South Dakota. Table 4. Comparison of Crop Disaster Assistance Payments in South Dakota for the 16 Highest Conversion Counties Versus Other Counties United States Government Accountability Office 24 Crop years 16 counties with the highest conversions (as a percentage of state totals) All 50 other counties 7 selected historically cropped countiesa State totals 1998 $8,534,884 (38%) $13,710,472 $393,778 $22,245,356 1999 16,063,451 (40%) 24,502,868 4,969,368 40,566,319 2000 23,266,266 (45%) 28,741,631 1,992,956 52,007,897 2001 12,480,417 (34%) 24,474,570 2,782,104 36,954,987 2002 74,432,452 (42%) 104,322,913 2,716,984 178,755,365 2003 43,800,987 (46%) 50,521,907 2,796,699 94,322,894 2004 16,744,315 (27%) 45,360,495 784,346 62,104,810 Total $195,322,772 (40%) $291,634,856 $16,436,235 $486,957,628 Source: GAO’s analysis of FSA’s data.
S. 5 Source: GAO’s analysis of NASS’s Census of Agriculture data. a The full name of this category is Pastureland and rangeland, other than cropland and woodland pastured. Table 9. 4 United States Government Accountability Office 52 Table 9. (Continued). 1 Source: GAO’s analysis of NASS’s Census of Agriculture data. Appendix IV PARTIAL BUDGET ANALYSIS FOR A PROPOSED CONVERSION OF NATIVE GRASSLAND TO CROPLAND IN CENTRAL SOUTH DAKOTA, 2003-2007 To assess the economic incentives to convert native grassland to cropland at the farm level, we used a partial budget analysis and a “constructed” farm scenario for a 160-acre tract in Hand County, South Dakota—a central South Dakota county that was relatively high in 2005 and 2006 conversions of grassland that had no cropping history.
For example, several officials noted that a reduction in program payments would have had a more pronounced effect in reducing crop conversions 2 years ago, before the prospect of increased demand for ethanol contributed to higher corn prices. INCENTIVES TO CONVERT GRASSLAND MAY WORK AT CROSS PURPOSES WITH USDA CONSERVATION PROGRAMS The incentives provided by farm program payments appear to be inconsistent with USDA conservation programs, such as the Wetlands Reserve Program, the Grassland Reserve Program, and CRP.
Agricultural Conservation: Converting Grassland to Cropland by United States Government Accountability Office