Download e-book for iPad: Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa: Development Actors, by Suvania Naidoo
By Suvania Naidoo
This SpringerBrief makes a speciality of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) within the 3 basins within the Witwatersrand, South Africa. It presents a heritage to AMD and its impactsfrom a social technology perspective.The South African govt and non-governmental agencies’ reaction to AMD is classed, besides the socio-economic and developmental results of AMD. This quantity, that is according to the author’s Master’s dissertation at UNISA, contains interviews with quite a number specialists within the box from executive departments, environmental agencies (activists), the personal area (mining), tourism quarter and the rural area. The e-book discusses present coverage records on AMD and gives suggestions in keeping with the numerous socio-economic affects that have no longer been totally addressed. A literature assessment at the international context of AMD is provided.
South Africa’s water platforms are already significantly harmed by way of weather swap, diversified varieties of pollutants, and poorly controlled sanitation structures. For those purposes, the rustic is turning into more and more water-stressed and for that reason, water will proceed to turn into a lot scarcer sooner or later. because of AMD’s endured impression on South Africa’s water platforms, as a technical or clinical topic in addition to the coverage implications for the mining quarter, water safety and socio-economic sustainability has develop into a hugely contested issue.
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Additional info for Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa: Development Actors, Policy Impacts, and Broader Implications
According to the South African government’s IMC (Coetzee et al. 2010, p. 4), acid mine drainage has a seriously signiﬁcant as well as costly environmental impact on the mining industry worldwide. When AMD is formed due to the closure or abandonment of mines, it affects surface and groundwater. In Chap. 4, deﬁnitions or descriptions of AMD are discussed, and a more detailed analysis of the phenomenon will be presented based on the research conducted for this book, mainly in the form of interviews.
The committee’s work was rushed by the transition of South Africa to the status of a pariah state: arising from the Sharpeville Massacre (1960) and the severing of ties with the British Commonwealth (1961). This brought about a very rich period of gold extraction during which proﬁts were maximised by externalising costs. In this phase the mining industry became a strategic partner with the state, continuing the policy of apartheid while making signiﬁcant proﬁts ‘via the externalisation of [a] costs model sanctioned by the regulatory authority’ (Anthony Turton, personal communication, 24 April 2013).
The National Environmental Management Act (Act no 107 of 1998) (NEMA) and the MPRDA have laid down new obligations for the mining and other industries, which include the requirement to monitor and remediate pollution of water resources (RSA 1998, 2002). Modern South African law in general also recognises that rehabilitative management of mines needs to continue after extractive operations have ended and that planning for the mine closure phase should always be in place. In the past, the ways in which mine pollution has been managed in South Africa was not adequate, and the continuous water problems are often due to the ongoing mining activities.
Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa: Development Actors, Policy Impacts, and Broader Implications by Suvania Naidoo