Download PDF by Cornelia F. Mutel: A Watershed Year: Anatomy of the Iowa Floods of 2008 (Bur
By Cornelia F. Mutel
In June 2008, the rivers of jap Iowa rose above their banks to create floods of epic proportions; their outstanding size—flowing in locations at a fee approximately double that of the former list flood—and the rapidity in their upward push ruined farmlands and displaced millions of citizens and hundreds of thousands of companies. In Cedar Rapids, the waters inundated greater than 9 sq. miles of the downtown sector; in Iowa urban, the place the flood used to be additionally the main harmful in background, the collage of Iowa’s arts campus used to be destroyed. by way of delivering an effective base of medical and technical info provided with strange readability and a wealth of aiding illustrations, the members to this far-reaching e-book, a lot of whom dealt firsthand with the 2008 floods, offer an in depth roadmap of the factors and results of destiny devastating floods. The twenty-five essays fall evidently into 4 sections. “Rising Rivers, Spreading Waters” starts via evaluating the 2008 floods with the midwestern floods of 1993, strikes directly to hint neighborhood responses to the 2008 floods, and ends via illuminating concepts for forecasting floods and settling on their measurement and frequency. “Why right here, Why Now?” searches for attainable explanations of the 2008 floods and of flooding typically: annual plants and concrete landscapes, inflows into and releases from reservoirs, and weather switch. “Flood Damages, Flood expenditures, Flood advantages” considers the complicated mixture of flood expenses and results, emphasizing damages to towns and farmlands in addition to capability merits to ordinary groups and archaeological websites. “Looking again, taking a look ahead” lays out methods to dealing with the floods of the longer term which are bound to come. whereas the e-book attracts such a lot of its examples from one specific quarter, it explains flooding all through a far greater region—the midwestern Corn Belt—and hence its sobering but energizing classes practice well past japanese Iowa. via studying the relationships between rivers, floodplains, climate, and sleek society; by means of stressing issues of technology and truth instead of social or coverage concerns; and by way of addressing a number of environmental difficulties and merits, A Watershed 12 months informs and educates all those that skilled the 2008 floods and all these occupied with the bigger reasons of flooding.
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Extra resources for A Watershed Year: Anatomy of the Iowa Floods of 2008 (Bur Oak Book)
S. Ray. Boston: American Meteorological Society. Hirschboeck, K. K. 1991. ” In National Water Summary 1988–89: Hydrology Events and Floods and Droughts, compiled by R. W. Paulson, E. B. Chase, R. S. Roberts, and D. W. Moody, pp. 67–88. S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2375. gov/usgspubs/wsp/wsp2375. Leopold, L. B. 1994. A View of the River. : Harvard University Press. Leopold, L. , M. G. Wolman, and J. P. Miller. 1964. Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Co.
Gov/usgspubs/wsp/wsp2375. Wahl, K. , K. C. Vining, and G. J. Wiche. 1993. S. Geological Survey Circular 1120-B. 18â•… rising rivers, spreading waters Witold F. Krajewski Ricardo Mantilla 2â•‡ Why Were the 2008 Floods So Large? In June 2008, eastern Iowa experienced some of the worst flooding ever recorded. Floods, commonly defined as river waters overflowing their banks, devastated cities and the countryside alike. 1 From a plane, it was difficult to decipher the main channel of many rivers. The confluence of the Iowa and Mississippi Rivers seemed like a sea dotted with silos that protruded from the water’s surface.
River basins or watersheds are defined by all the points in a landscape that drain into a common point on a river. Every major basin holds thousands of streams and creeks that form a complex river network that drains the landscape. The speed of water’s flow through the interconnected basin depends on several factors, most importantly land cover, soil type, level of soil saturation, proximity to a drainage channel, and the slope and flow resistance along the channel. Dry ground can absorb rainfall, which then travels slowly underground.
A Watershed Year: Anatomy of the Iowa Floods of 2008 (Bur Oak Book) by Cornelia F. Mutel