Nature Ecology

New PDF release: A Natural History of the Central Appalachians

Posted On April 5, 2018 at 1:01 pm by / Comments Off on New PDF release: A Natural History of the Central Appalachians

By Steven L. Stephenson

ISBN-10: 1933202688

ISBN-13: 9781933202686

Central Appalachia is the method of linear ridges, intervening valleys, and deeply dissected plateaus that make up the rugged terrain present in western and southwestern Virginia, japanese and significant West Virginia, western Maryland, and a component to south relevant and southwestern Pennsylvania. via its concise and obtainable procedure, A average heritage of the primary Appalachians thoroughly examines the biology and ecology of the crops, animals, and different organisms of this zone of jap North America.
With over a hundred and twenty photos, this article offers an summary of the panorama of this quarter, together with the key adjustments that experience taken position over the previous three hundred million years; describes the differing kinds of forests and different plant groups presently found in crucial Appalachia; and examines residing structures starting from microorganisms and fungi to birds and mammals. via a attention of the heritage of people within the sector, starting with the coming of the 1st local american citizens, A common historical past of the significant Appalachians also discusses the previous, current, and destiny affects of human task upon this geographic area.

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Extra resources for A Natural History of the Central Appalachians

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Most species fall between these two extremes. Since each species is associated with a particular type of environment, it follows that those species with similar requirements often appear together, forming a plant community. Just how long a species has been present at a particular place, how it might have reached the place, where it came from, what factors limit where it can survive, and what the species contributes to the biotic communities of which it is part are all things that need to be considered if one is to develop a more complete understanding of vegetation in the Central Appalachians, or indeed anywhere on earth.

By contrast, the ground layer is usually well developed in red spruce forests on moist sites. In high-elevation red spruce forests, this layer can consist of an almost complete carpet of a liverwort, the three-lobed bazzania (fig. 22). The small, thin leaves of conifers, which are not shed all at once, apparently do not have the same smothering effect mentioned earlier for broadleaf trees in deciduous forests. 53 54 ecological situations. Because the sun is always in the southern half of the sky in the northern hemisphere, the south-facing side of a ridge receives appreciably more radiant energy from sunlight than the north-facing side of the same ridge and will therefore be warmer and drier.

One hypothesis, first proposed by the University of Arizona ecologist Paul Martin in 1967, is that these large mammals were driven to extinction by human hunting. This hypothesis, usually referred to as the prehistoric overkill hypothesis, is supported by the fact that the first humans (the first Native Americans newly arrived in North America from Asia) spread throughout North America during the same period as the extinctions. It seems reasonable to assume the large mammals, having lived for many thousands of years in the absence of any threat of human predation, would have been unprepared for human hunting and thus quickly succumbed to the hunters.

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A Natural History of the Central Appalachians by Steven L. Stephenson

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