A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated - download pdf or read online
By Michael Axworthy
Iran is a land of contradictions.
It is an Islamic republic, yet one within which simply 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's non secular tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on the planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of lifestyles: wine, good looks, intercourse. Iranian ladies are topic to 1 of the main restrictive costume codes within the Islamic global, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the coed inhabitants of the nation's universities.
In A historical past of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy heritage of this complicated kingdom from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In attractive prose, this revised version explains the army, political, non secular, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on this planet, bringing us up glossy instances. Concluding with an evaluate of the vast adjustments the kingdom has passed through because the revolution in 1979, together with an in depth examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to develop into a nuclear energy, A heritage of Iran bargains common readers a vital advisor to figuring out this risky kingdom, that's once more on the heart of the world's realization.
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Additional info for A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated Edition)
24 Bazaar and State in Iran complete discussion of this literature). Networks are the means by which actors develop reputations, negotiate prices, evaluate information, resolve conflicts, and mobilize assets in all economies, but especially in settings where information is sparse or asymmetric. Traders disseminate and receive information about quality, price, and past performance to and from members of the community through embedded networks, and not via isolated bilateral exchange partners involved in strategic interactions or normative notions of moral obligations and injustices.
Also, included in this category are the interviews I conduct during a one-week trip to Dubai in May 2001. There I met a number of Iranian businessmen who operated import–export businesses between Iran and the UAE, some of whom had been based in the Tehran Bazaar. In December 2000, I spent one week in southern Iran and visited two of the three free trade zones (Qeshm and Kish) and several ports (Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh, and Bandar Charak). I interviewed merchants and locals involved in legal and quasi-legal trade between the free trade zones and Iran.
M. Lamberton (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971). The puzzle of the Tehran Bazaar under two regimes 23 mobilization and asking why the Bazaar was better able to mobilize against the state prior to the establishment of the Islamic Republic. I demonstrate that the form of governance, and not ideological factors or the bazaar– mosque coalition or purely individual interests and grievances, better accounts for this shift from high to low mobilization capacity. The Tehran Bazaar’s particular prerevolutionary forms of governance – namely, cooperative hierarchies – were the critical factor facilitating its mobilization and participation in contentious politics because these networks were effective means to coordinate actions, disseminate information, mobilize funds, and bring the disparate strata within and beyond the Bazaar together.
A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated Edition) by Michael Axworthy